What is HiLumi?

The High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) is an upgrade of the LHC to achieve instantaneous luminosities a factor of five larger than the LHC nominal value, thereby enabling the experiments to enlarge their data sample by one order of magnitude compared with the LHC baseline programme. Following five years of design study and R&D, this challenging project requires now about ten years of developments, prototyping, testing and implementation; hence operation is expected to start in the middle of the next decade. The timeline of the project is dictated by the fact that, at the beginning of the next decade, many critical components of the accelerator will reach the end of their lifetime due to radiation damage and will thus need to be replaced. The upgrade phase is therefore crucial not only for the full exploitation of the LHC physics potential, but also to enable operation of the collider beyond 2025.

The HL-LHC will rely on a number of key innovative technologies, including cutting-edge 11-12 Tesla superconducting magnets, compact superconducting crab cavities with ultra-precise phase control for beam rotation, new technology for beam collimation, high-power, loss-less superconducting links, etc. A detailed description of the project and its technological and operational challenges is provided in the HL-LHC Preliminary Design Report  and the HL-LHC book.

Crab cavities will help increase the luminosity of collisions in the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) – the future upgrade of the LHC planned for after 2025.

Increasing the number of collisions by a factor of 10 is a future goal for the Large Hadron Collider. To do this, the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project is working on cranking up LHC performance to increase discovery potential after 2025. Among the components to be upgraded are the quadrupole magnets in interaction points IP1 and IP5, which will use a new superconducting technology based on the superconductor Niobium-tin (Nb3Sn). This superconductor will help reach magnetic fields of about 12 T, but it requires a complex fabrication process that includes heat treatment of the coils to about 650 degrees Celsius and vacuum impregnation with epoxy. In CERN's superconducting model magnets laboratory the Magnet, Superconductors and Cryostats group is currently fabricating short models of the final Nb3Sn HL-LHC quadrupole magnet to verify the magnet design and define fabrication and assembly procedures. (Video: CERN)